Project Contributors

Bookworm was created by Benjamin Schmidt (Department of History, Northeastern), Matt Nicklay, Neva Cherniavsky Durand, Martin Camacho, and Erez Lieberman Aiden (Rice/Harvard Cultural Observatory). It enables visual and statistical exploration of massive collections of texts. If you use it in an academic publication, please include a link to This web site and the D3 visualization libraries on top of the core bookworm infrastructure were created by Ben Schmidt. Support for the project has come from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Digital Public Library of America, and the Open Science Data Cloud.


This page is maintained using hakyll. These webpage templates build heavily off of Visualizations are created using D3, created by Mike Bostock. There are several places where the visual approaches or css styles borrows more or less shamelessly from the work of Bostock and/or Jason Davies. This product includes color specifications and designs developed by Cynthia Brewer ( See the ColorBrewer website for further information about each colorscheme, colorblind suitability, licensing, and citations.